PCT Filling Procedures in India

Check PCT Filing Procedures in India

In the ever-evolving landscape of intellectual property (IP) protection, businesses and innovators strive to secure their inventions and innovations. The Patent Cooperation Treaty filling in India serves as a vital tool in this endeavor, offering a streamlined and cost-effective route for filing patent applications across multiple jurisdictions. In India, the PCT Filling Procedures in India plays a crucial role in facilitating global patent protection. This blog post delves into the intricacies of PCT filing procedures in India, providing an in-depth understanding of the process.

Understanding the PCT System

The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) is an international treaty that simplifies the process of seeking patent protection for inventions across multiple countries. Administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the PCT enables applicants to file a single international patent application – the PCT application – which has the effect of seeking protection in all PCT member countries.

If you are an Indian inventor who is considering filing a patent application, the Patent Cooperation Treaty filling in India is a valuable option to consider. It can help you to protect your invention in multiple countries and to make the patenting process more efficient.

PCT International Applications Filing Procedure in India

1. Pre-filing Preparation: Before initiating the PCT filing process, thorough preparation is essential. This involves conducting a comprehensive patent search to ensure that the invention is novel and not obvious. Additionally, documenting the invention’s technical details, including specifications, drawings, and claims, is crucial.

2. Choosing the Receiving Office (RO): In India, the Indian Patent Office (IPO) acts as the receiving office for PCT applications. The applicant needs to submit the PCT application along with the prescribed fees to the IPO. This can be done either physically or electronically through the IPO’s online filing system.

3. Filling out the PCT Application Form: The PCT application form includes various sections, such as the description of the invention, claims, drawings, and abstract. Accuracy and clarity in filling out these sections are imperative to avoid any ambiguities during the international phase.

4. International Search: After the PCT application is filed, an international search is conducted by an International Searching Authority (ISA). The ISA identifies prior art documents that might affect the patentability of the invention. In India, the IPO also serves as an ISA, providing search and examination services for PCT applications.

5. Publication of the PCT Application: Around 18 months from the priority date, the PCT application is published by WIPO. This publication provides the public with access to the technical details of the invention.

6. International Preliminary Examination: Applicants have the option to request an international preliminary examination (Chapter II) alongside the search report. This examination assesses the invention’s patentability in greater detail, providing valuable insights for national-phase entries.

7. National Phase Entry: Following the international phase, applicants must enter the national phase in individual countries where they seek patent protection. In India, the national phase entry must be done within 31 months from the priority date.

8. Patent Prosecution and Grant: During the national phase, the patent application undergoes examination by the respective national patent office. If the application meets the patentability criteria, a patent is granted, providing the applicant with exclusive rights to the invention in India.

Overview of PCT Filing in India

The PCT Filling Procedures in India has a specific focus on the national phase application. This phase involves entering the Indian national phase after the international phase. Here’s how it works:

Procedure: National Phase PCT Application in India

The Procedure of PCT Application includes following steps: 

  1. Request for Entry: To enter the national phase in India, you need to file a “Request for Entry into the National Phase” within 31 months from the priority date.
  2. Formal Requirements: The national phase application must fulfill formal requirements, including translations of the application into English and any necessary amendments.
  3. Examination: The application then goes through the examination process, where the Indian Patent Office assesses its patentability based on criteria such as novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability.
  4. Publication and Opposition: After a positive examination, the application is published. There’s a provision for third parties to oppose the grant of the patent if they believe it doesn’t meet the patentability criteria.
  5. Grant: If no opposition is successful, and the application meets all requirements, the patent is granted, providing the inventor with exclusive rights to the invention in India.

Benefits of filing a PCT application in India

Here are some benefits of filing a PCT application in India:

  1. Extended Filing Deadline: When you file a PCT application in India, you get an extended filing deadline to file patent applications in other PCT member countries. This gives you more time to assess the commercial viability of your invention before committing to filing in multiple jurisdictions.
  2. Centralized Application Process: The PCT application process is centralized, meaning you can file a single application in India and designate multiple countries where you intend to seek patent protection. This reduces the administrative burden and cost associated with filing separate applications in each country.
  3. International Search Report (ISR): After filing a PCT application, an international search is conducted by a reputable patent office. In India, the Indian Patent Office is an International Searching Authority (ISA). The ISR provides valuable insights into the patentability of your invention and helps you make informed decisions about pursuing patent protection.
  4. Time to Evaluate: The PCT application process provides you with more time to evaluate the potential market and commercial viability of your invention before deciding in which specific countries to proceed with the national phase application.
  5. Cost Savings: By initially filing a PCT application in India, you can delay the expenses associated with filing individual patent applications in multiple countries. This can be particularly beneficial for startups and individual inventors with limited resources.
  6. Streamlined Examination: While the PCT application itself does not result in a granted patent, it does establish a priority date for your invention. This can simplify and expedite the examination process in national or regional patent offices where you choose to enter the national phase.
  7. International Protection Strategy: Filing a PCT application allows you to strategically assess and prioritize the countries where patent protection is most valuable based on market demand and business considerations.
  8. Flexibility in Decision-Making: The information obtained from the international search and preliminary examination report can help you make an informed decision about whether to continue pursuing patent protection in certain countries, potentially saving you from investing in jurisdictions where the patentability prospects are low.
  9. Patent Cooperation: The PCT fosters cooperation among patent offices around the world. This can lead to more consistent examination practices and help reduce the risk of inconsistent patent grants.
  10. Preservation of Priority Rights: By filing a PCT application, you preserve your priority rights from the initial filing date in India. This can be crucial for inventions where timing is important.

It’s important to note that while there are many benefits to filing a PCT application in India, the ultimate decision depends on your specific circumstances, the potential market for your invention, and your budget for patent protection. Consulting with a intellectual property professional of Patent Filling in India can help you make the best decision for your situation.

Why You Must Hire IPR Service Provider for filing a PCT application in India?

There are several reasons why you should hire an IPR service provider for filing a PCT application in India. Here are some of the most important ones:

  • Expertise: IPR service providers have the expertise and experience to navigate the complex and ever-changing world of intellectual property law. They can help you to ensure that your PCT application is properly drafted and filed, and that it meets all of the requirements of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT).
  • Time savings: Filing a PCT application can be a time-consuming and complex process. IPR service providers can help you to save time by taking care of all of the paperwork and filing deadlines.
  • Cost savings: IPR service providers can help you to save money by negotiating favorable filing fees and rates with patent offices. They can also help you to avoid costly mistakes that could jeopardize your patent application.
  • Peace of mind: Hiring an IPR service provider can give you peace of mind knowing that your PCT application is in the hands of experienced professionals who will protect your interests.

If you are considering filing a PCT application in India, then Sailakshmi IPR Service is highly recommend. We can help you to ensure that your application is properly filed and that you get the maximum protection for your invention.


Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.